Kokoda ‘Tricks’ and Hidden Extras

Negotiating the current plethora of Kokoda trek operator websites can be as challenging as trekking the trail itself.  Prior to 2003 there were only a handful of trek operators on the trail.  These companies specialised in the military history of the Kokoda campaign and had developed a good relationship with the local villagers by providing them with alternative source of income and support for local projects.

Since 2004 there has been an explosion in the number of operators claiming to be expert wartime historians, explorers, adventurers, anthropologists, etc.  Among them is the usual band of tricksters and carpetbaggers attempting cash-in on the market.

They do this by hijacking original material to create a perception that they are ‘genuine’.  They claim to be ‘passionate’ about our diggers, ‘expert’ in the history of the Kokoda campaign and ‘sympathetic’ to villagers. They claim to stay in the ‘village huts’, eat ‘village food’ and follow the original wartime trail for an ‘all-inclusive’ cost.

Prospective trekkers should therefore be warned that if it sounds too good to be true – it usually is.

Some of the common tricks and cost-saving measures used to attract unwary trekkers are:

1. Claims to trek across the original wartime trail

The original Kokoda Trail was a mail route between McDonald’s Corner and Kokoda.  This was the route used by the 39th Battalion when they first trekked across it.  As the campaign developed other tracks were cut to facilitate the flow of supplies such as the route to Lake Myola.  Since the war other tracks have been cut to make the trek shorter and easier for villagers.

The original wartime trail was mapped by the Australian Army and published in a 1:100 000 map series of the Owen Stanley Ranges.  The recent introduction of GPS technology has allowed for the original wartime routes to be navigated.  These have been published in a recent 1:50 000 topographical maps which identifies the original Kokoda Trail mail route and the shortcuts now used to connect villages which have been relocated since the war.

There are a couple of ways to checking a trek operator’s claim to follow the ‘original wartime trail’.

The first is to ask them if they trek via the village of Naduri.  If the answer is ‘yes’ you are not on the original trail.  The village of Naduri was relocated to its current location long after the war and is not on the original trail. It is a popular route for eco-trekkers but not for those who want to trek in the footsteps of the diggers.

The second is to obtain the Kokoda 1:50 000 topographical map which displays the original wartime trail and today’s eco tracks – https://www.kokodatreks.com/merchandise/index.cfm

A third is to ask for a money-back guarantee if you discover you have been duped – you will never get it back of course but it might make you feel better!

2.  Staying in ‘Village Huts’

This is a clever cost-saving trick because it saves the operator from having to provide mosquito-proof tents. What they don’t explain is that this will increase the risk of malaria because there are no mosquito nets in village huts.  A malarial mosquito that sucks on a PNG guide sleeping in the next hut then hops across and has tries your blood group will infect you in the process.  Another minus is the lack of privacy as there are no screens or separate rooms – so if you want your own space to have a scratch this is not the place to be.

3. ‘Twin-Share’ Tents

Whoa!  Having to share a tent with somebody you have never met for 8 – 10 days is a huge no-no.  Your tent is your haven after a hard day’s trekking.  It’s a place to lay out your gear for the next day, write a few lines in your diary, hang up your wet socks and jocks and bed yourself down – it’s not a place to share farts with a stranger! Be on the lookout for this one.

4.  Eating ‘Village Food’

This is another clever cost-saving trick because it means the operator does not have to spend as much on food or engage as many local porters to it.  The main problem with village food is the lack of hygiene standards in the preparation of the meals.  The fact that the highest number of emergency evacuations for trekkers is the result of severe gastro problems (vomiting/diarrhoea) indicates that trekkers should be wary of operators who cut costs by relying on village food.

5. Costs in Port Moresby

Another trick is to create the impression that ‘accommodation’ in Port Moresby includes all meals.  Yet another sneaky one is to provide only one-night’s accommodation.  This means you will transit straight on or off the trek.  This does not allow any flexibility for the myriad of things that can go wrong.  A lost bag on the way in can mean a very uncomfortable first night on the trail, or a missed international flight on the way out.  These two tricks need to be carefully checked because you’re in PNG – ‘the land of the unexpected’.

6.  Battlefield Presentations

A popular trick is to create the impression that their trek leaders are military ‘historians’, are ‘passionate’ about Kokoda, are ‘professional’, etc, etc.

Professional battlefield presentations require an understanding of the Principles of War, military strategy, the phases of war, the principles applicable to each phase and an intimate knowledge of each particular battle.  Explaining that ‘a big battle happened here’ and then reading out the names of those who were killed, wounded or missing from a list obtained from the Australian War Memorial is not a battlefield presentation.

Leaders who trek once or twice a year and have no previous army experience should not be regarded as ‘professional’ in this regard.

7.  Dodgy Advertising – Misleading Impressions

Read the small print when an operator advertises ‘XX year’s experience’ as this can refer to how many years they have been in the travel business.  You should examine the fine print to see how many years they have been actually been leading treks across the Kokoda Trail – there can be big differences.

8.  Shameless Exploitation

One of the least visible but most shameless forms of cost cutting is to not provide sleeping bags, sleeping mats, trek uniforms, or proper food for PNG guides and carriers.  The only way you can check this is to walk around your campsite at night and see if they are wrapped up in sleeping bags on foam mats. Another way is to ask chat with them during their trek and ask them if they have enough to eat.  They will tell you if they’re hungry. If they are cold and hungry you are trekking with a carpetbagger.  It’s a bit late to do anything about it by then but you can tell your friends about them when you get home.

If your trek operator has organised a charter aircraft to deliver supplies to Efogi village, which is half-way across the trail, you should have a ratio of two PNG guides/carriers for each trekker.  If they haven’t organised a charter you the ratio needs to be 4:1.  If it is less than this they will be carrying backpacks up to double the recommended weight i.e. up to 40 kg. Ask your chosen trek operator what ratio of guides/carriers to trekkers he uses – then count them when you arrive to start your trek.  It will help you trek with a clear conscience.

9. Quality of Trek Leaders

All trek operators claim to have qualified, experienced, professional, passionate and culturally aware trek leaders.  The reality is different.  One company offers free treks to anybody who has trekked with them and wants to do it again – all they have to do is lead their next group.  Another engages leaders that only do one trek a year.  And another has a bloke who motivates his trekkers with group hug and a cringe-inducing ‘Aussie, Aussie, Aussie, Oi, Oi, Oi’ chant each morning. It is important to check the leadership credentials of your designated trek leader –  you would only follow some out of curiosity!

10. Terminology: Kokoda Trail or Kokoda Track

Trekking companies who respect the Battle Honours awarded to the 10 Australian battalions and the Papuan Infantry Battalion who fought in the Kokoda campaign refer to it by the name emblazoned on each of their regimental flags i.e. ‘Kokoda Trail’. They also respect the sovereign right of Papua New Guinea to name their own geographical features – and the official name on their statute books is ‘Kokoda Trail’.

Kokoda Track has emerged as the politically correct name in Australia over the past decade and has been adopted by those who do not understand the significance of a Battle Honour or sovereign rights.

Napoleon once said: ‘Time spent on a well-planned reconnaissance is seldom wasted.  Time spent on an unplanned reconnaissance is often wasted’. A modern Napoleon would offer the same advice for prospective trekkers researching the claims of the 80 operators now licensed to lead treks in Papua New Guinea.

The Latin proverb of Caveat Emptor (let the buyer beware) therefore applies. There are a small number of professional trek operators who specialise in the wartime history of the Kokoda campaign; a larger number of eco-operators who pretend to; and a gaggle of opportunists who will use every trick in the book to get your deposit.


  1. John Nalder says:

    I have never met a trekker who said that they had done too much prior research. Unfortunately I have come across many on the trail, unhappy with their chosen operator, who wished they had done more.
    Caveat Emptor.

  2. Peter H Davis says:

    Charlie, you forgot to mention the el cheapos like Peregrine Travel who left a trekker behind when he got crook. Peregrine had no sat phone, no first aid gear, no evacuation plan and no idea. I saved his life, using the Adventure Kokoda advanced medical gear and logistics team. How many trekker deaths will it take to have the rat bag operators called to account?

  3. Fiona Foster says:

    A great insight into the do’s and don’ts of trekking companies.
    Fortunately for us we did a little research and talked to various people who had trekked Kokoda and AK was highly recommended. I can now see why.
    Upon our first trek in 2009 I could hear the distant cries of Aussie Aussie Aussie and it made me feel embarrassed to be Australian, yet glad not to be part of that group. That cry is something for the yobbos at the footy, not to be conducted ( and encouraged) at Isurava on ANZAC Day.
    Trekkers from that very same company struck up a conversation with us asking where we had been as they had not seen us on the track. We say-We have trekked the original war time track, and been here and there, all they could say is we wish we had gone with your company. Meanwhile their tour guide was giving a history lesson using ‘A field guide to Kokoda’ to read from, a book I am sure many trekkers had read.

    Dodgy Advertising: How true this trickery is. I was baffled last week when I read an article in a renowned walking magazine, to see what some trekking companies claim. Over 700 treks, in 8 years, leading 4000 trekkers (really??). Doesn’t take a great mathematician to work out those numbers are surely a load of bulldust. This magazine also incorrectly spelt village names and insisted the trek lead you from east to west- from all the historical information I have read, it is North to South ( or vice versa). This was disappointing to read as many people would use this information to help plan and make trekking choices, yet as we know there is no authority to ensure the correct information is given to the public so they can make a truly informed decision regarding the trail and tour companies.

    So some people look at saving a dollar or two when it comes to trekking, but is it worth it? I say no. Since returning from our first trip I have spoken with various trekkers who did not have a positive experience and ask me why I would want to trek again? My answer to them is simple; I loved every aspect of the trip, the food, the fact the porters were easy to see and recognise, our own tents (listening to hubby fart at home is enough, 10 days without it bliss), the historical aspect, the respect the leaders showed and passion they had for the track. Unfortunately for some that I spoke with their company ran out of food one day- but gave them free accommodation in Port Moresby (in return for no food on the track), the lack of detail along the way, just is not good enough, and eating ration packs, really I am sure this may appeal to a lot of wanna be’s. The fact is fly by the nighters , who are only in it for one thing, are ruining what should be an experience that is remembered by all as an immensely emotional journey that gave them an insight into the history of the trail.
    Shameless exploitation: I cannot imagine how some of these operators sleep at night, not providing the correct care, food, sleeping equipment for these porters. They are human and should be treated with the same dignity and respect we expect to be treated with. Shame on them for thinking they are a lower class citizen that does not deserve the basic necessities to help us across the track.
    Well done Charlie and crew for providing an experience of a lifetime for many.

    PS According to some companies I should be promoted to trek leader by now- next year will be my 3rd trek…………… kidding I will leave that to the professionals who do a fantastic job at leading us over this great land. Keep up the good work.

    And Peter apparently ( according to my trusty walking magazine) Peregrine have 30 years experiences as a trekking operator- as Charlie said, maybe as a travel company- not across Kokoda .

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